Malcolm X (film)

Malcolm X (1992 film) - Wikipedi

Malcolm X (sometimes stylized as X) is a 1992 American epic biographical drama film about the African-American activist Malcolm X.Directed and co-written by Spike Lee, the film stars Denzel Washington in the title role, as well as Angela Bassett, Albert Hall, Al Freeman Jr., and Delroy Lindo.Lee has a supporting role, while Black Panther Party co-founder Bobby Seale, the Rev. Al Sharpton, and. Malcolm X (1992) Official Trailer - Denzel Washington Movie HDSubscribe to CLASSIC TRAILERS: http://bit.ly/1u43jDeSubscribe to TRAILERS: http://bit.ly/sxaw6h.. Malcolm X, Writer: Malcolm X. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, one of seven children. His father, Earl Little, was a Baptist preacher who supported Marcus Garvey's Back to Africa movement. When Malcolm was four, the family moved to Lansing, Michigan, where Earl attempted opening a store while continuing his preaching Movie Title/Year and Scene Descriptions. Screenshots. Malcolm X (1992) In writer/director Spike Lee's inspirational 3 1/2 hour tribute-documentary (biopic) on the life of a former burglar, cocaine-addicted drug-user and pimp who became a radical, controversial Black Nationalist leader - based on Alex Haley's novel The Autobiography of Malcolm X Often misunderstood, Malcolm X was one of the leading forces of the United States' Civil Rights Movement. He inspired many--and frightened many--but is desti..

Malcolm X (1992) Official Trailer - Denzel Washington Movie H

Malcolm X (Film) Malcolm X ist ein US-amerikanisches Filmdrama des Regisseurs Spike Lee aus dem Jahr 1992. Es handelt vom Leben und Tod des Black-Muslim-Anführers Malcolm X, der nach einer Gangsterkarriere in den 1940er Jahren zum Prediger der Nation-of-Islam -Organisation wird. Grundlage für die Filmhandlung war das Buch The Autobiography of. Denzel Washington (Malcolm X) and Albert Hall (Baines) star in Spike Lee's Academy Award-nominated 1992 film Malcolm X.Subscribe: https://bit.ly/36dnr0kFind. Directed by Arnold Perl. With James Earl Jones, Ossie Davis, John Ali, Muhammad Ali. James Earl Jones narrates this fascinating and moving documentary about the life of the assassinated black leader through various sources

Malcolm X (1992) Official Trailer - Denzel Washington

Drama från 1992 av Spike Lee med Denzel Washington och Angela Bassett. Spike Lees epos om den framträdande motståndsmannen Malcolm X. Från hans barndom när hans pastorfar dödas av Ku Klux Klan, via hans ungdomsår när han blir en smågangster, till när han kommer i kontakt med Nation of Islam och deras ledare Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm finner snart att hans avståndstagande från rasism. Malcolm X był jedną z najbardziej kontrowersyjnych postaci Ameryki lat 60. Rywalizował z Martinem Lutherem Kingiem o rząd dusz czarnoskórych Amerykanów. Obydwu przywódcom przyświecały podobne cele: emancypacja afroamerykańskiej społeczności, walka o szacunek i równe prawa w zdominowanym przez białych kraju. Tu jednak podobieństwa. Malcolm X (1992) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more Malcolm X is a 1992 American biographical drama film about the African-American activist Malcolm X. Directed and co-written by Spike Lee. The film dramatizes key events in Malcolm X's life: his..

Malcolm X è un film del 1992 diretto da Spike Lee. È basato sull'Autobiografia di Malcolm X, scritta dal leader afroamericano con la collaborazione di Alex Haley.Quest'ultimo non vide il film ultimato, poiché morì il 10 febbraio 1992.. Per assistere alla prima del film Spike Lee invitò tutti gli afroamericani a scioperare e a marinare la scuola, dichiarando «Vi insegnerò una parte di. Malcolm X, also known as Malcolm X: His Own Story as It Really Happened, is a 1972 American documentary film directed by Arnold Perl.It is based on the 1965 book The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature Malcolm X est un film américain réalisé par Spike Lee et sorti en 1992.Il s'agit d'un film biographique sur Malcolm X, porte-parole de la Nation of Islam, militant politique et défenseur des droits de l'homme afro-américain.Il est basé sur son autobiographie coécrite avec le journaliste Alex Haley.. En 2010, le film est inscrit au National Film Registry pour être conservé à la. This film is not an assault but an explanation, and it is not exclusionary; it deliberately addresses all races in its audience. White people, going into the film, may expect to meet a Malcolm X who will attack them, but they will find a Malcolm X whose experiences and motives make him understandable and finally heroic Malcolm X returns to Harlem and begins his life as a preacher for the Nation of Islam. The Nation sets up a mosque in a single room and their congregation quickly grows over the next few years. At one point, Malcolm, while preaching a sermon, sees Shorty in the crowd. He embraces him, kindly pointing out that Shorty is a representative of his.

Malcolm X - IMD

Malcolm X was an inspiration for several fictional characters. The Marvel Comics writer Chris Claremont confirmed that Malcolm X was an inspiration for the X-Men character Magneto, while Martin Luther King was an inspiration for Professor X. Malcolm X also inspired the character Erik Killmonger in the film Black Panther Malcolm X (1992) is a three and a half hour film based on Alex Hayley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X directed by Spike Lee. While it is regarded as one of the greatest movies of the 20th century, due to the controversial figure at its center, the film went through difficulties in getting made both from supporters and critics of Malcolm., follows Malcolm through his childhood in Michigan. Malcolm X (1925-1965) was an African American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist.. Malcolm X may also refer to: . Malcolm X, a documentary film; Malcolm X, a biographical film . Malcolm X; Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention, a 2011 biography; X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X, an opera by Anthony Davis; Malcolm X: Make It Plain, a 1994 documentar John David Washington. Malcolm X location: The 'Paradise Bar' bar: The Lenox Lounge, Lenox Avenue, Harlem, New York. Spike Lee 's long-cherished epic biopic of the black leader and activist was filmed (and not without a struggle: see By Any Means Necessary - Lee 's book on the making of the film) largely around New York

malcolm x is, in turns, a subversion of so many film genres: the biographical film, the screwball comedy, the prison Review by KoroLulu ★★★ comme le snapchateur mais sans la mineure qui le suc Malcolm X. 7.7 3 h 21 min 1992 X-Ray 7+ A tribute to the controversial black activist and leader of the struggle for black liberation. He hit bottom during his imprisonment in the '50s, he became a Black Muslim and then a leader in the Nation of Islam. His assassination in 1965 left a legacy of self-determination and racial pride A 1992 film by Spike Lee, Malcolm X starred Denzel Washington as the real-life black nationalist leader. The film starts with his childhood as Malcolm Little, who later grows up to be a gangster with his best friend Shorty. In prison, he is introduced to the teachings of the Nation of Islam and officially names himself Malcolm X upon release Malcolm X addresses an enthusiastic crowd. (c) Warner Bros. Just as John Singleton's Boyz N the Hood was the 1991 film white Americans concerned about the future of this nation should see, so Spike Lee's new epic is the one for this year. And at three hours, twenty-one minutes epic it is! For me the time sped by swiftly, especially after the first hour chronicling Malcolm Little's life.

Malcolm X (1992) - The Best Movies in Cinematic Histor

Malcolm X (1992) - YouTub

Amazon's Choice for malcolm x movie. Malcolm X (BD) [Blu-ray] 4.8 out of 5 stars 4,323. Blu-ray $5.99 $ 5. 99 $14.97 $14.97. Get it as soon as Thu, Feb 25. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Multi-Format $109.99 $ 109. 99. $4.74 shipping. Only 1 left in stock - order soon Malcolm X. (film) Malcolm X adalah sebuah film drama biografi Amerika 1992 tentang aktivis Afro-Amerika Malcolm X. Disutradarai dan ditulis oleh Spike Lee, film tersebut dibintangi oleh Denzel Washington dalam peran utama, beserta Angela Bassett, Albert Hall, Al Freeman, Jr., dan Delroy Lindo. Lee mendapatkan peran pendukung sebagai Shorty This movie shows how the life of Malcolm X changed over time, and while many can't overcome some things he said early on, I believe the most important aspect of this movie is that Malcolm X had a profound experience when traveling abroad, that changed his life, and changed his view, and he was committed to speaking the truth, and strong enough to admit his views had changed, so he stood up and.

Malcolm X: The Facts, the Fictions, the Film By SHEILA RULE . e was Malcolm Little when he was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, and El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz when he fell in a fusillade of bullets on Feb. 21, 1965, in New York City. In the relatively few years in between, he was Detroit Red, Satan and Malcolm X Malcolm X is the soundtrack to the 1992 Spike Lee film, Malcolm X.. Notes by Spike Lee. The album inner sleeve contains the following note from director Spike Lee: Many of the artists on this project were friends of Detroit Red/Malcolm Little

illicit sexual relations. Malcolm rejects Reginald for the Nation, and later regrets doing so. Alex Haley—Although hardly mentioned in the proper text of The Autobiography of Mal-colm X, chronicler Haley appears as the narrator of the Epilogue, which explains how the text was composed, and describes the details of Malcolm X's final days Malcolm X is seen by some as a symbol of the enduring struggle for equal rights for all human beings; but for others his legacy is tainted by his embrace of the Nation of Islam's fiery rhetoric. Spike Lee's epic film explores all incarnations of the civi

Malcolm X este un film biografic din 1992 regizat de Spike Lee despre activistul și naționalistul negru afroamerican, Malcolm X.Filmul este bazat pe The Autobiography of Malcolm X.Denzel Washington a fost nominalizat la Premiul Oscar pentru cel mai bun actor pentru rolul lui Malcolm X. . Malcolm X, faimosul lider afroamerican, al cărui tată, preot, a fost ucis de Ku Klux Klan, devine. Malcolm X is a 1992 biographical film about the life and times of the African American activist and Black nationalist Malcolm X . Directed by Spike Lee. Written by Spike Lee and Arnold Perl, based on The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley

The greatest biopic ever if not one of the greatest films ever just a fantastic piece of cinema beginning to end a electrifying believable. Read Review. Review of Malcolm X (1992) By Ross K (59) on 22 Apr 2015. The growth and evolution of Malcolm X is breathtaking. Denzel gives one of the greatest performances in cinema history The film follows Malcolm X's progress within the Nation of Islam, his adoration of Elijah Muhammad (Al Freeman, Jr.), his role as spokesperson for the organization, his marriage to Betty Shabazz (Angela Bassett), and so on. The film does not evaluate Malcolm X's actions or his involvement in the Nation of Islam

وثائقي مالكوم إكس Malcolm X - YouTub

  1. Malcolm X (1992) Malcolm X is the 1992 biographical film directed by Spike Lee and starring Denzel Washington as the controversial black civil rights leader. The cast included Angela Bassett, Giancarlo Esposito, Delroy Lindo and Al Freeman Jr. in addition to Spike Lee in a supporting role. The following weapons were used in the film Malcolm X
  2. Malcolm X Essay. 571 words 2 page (s) Malcolm X, a civil leader dedicated to the advancement and the equal treatment of blacks in America. Unfortunately, his untimely death through assassination shocked the world and marked the end of a civil rights era. Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, had a life surrounded by tragedy as his father was murder.
  3. Malcolm X's widow, Betty Shabazz, who is a consultant to Mr. Lee's film, said yesterday that those who knew and respected her husband in his lifetime had always been protective of him

Malcolm X - Fushaa

  1. ell og jazztrompetist
  2. Malcolm X. (film, 1992) 19921118 ! Malcolm X, Spike Lee tarafından yönetilen, Afrikalı-Amerikalı aktivist Malcolm X 'in hayatını anlatan 1992 yapımı biyografi filmi. Hikâye Alex Haley 'in yazdığı The Autobiography of Malcolm X kitabından alınmıştır. Denzel Washington bu filmle En İyi Erkek Oyuncu Akademi Ödülü dalında aday.
  3. Watch movie Malcolm X. Malcolm X was one of the leading forces of the United States' Civil Rights Movement. He inspired many--and frightened many--but is remembered as one of the greatest men of his era

Malcolm X | Apple TV. Malcolm X. Drama 1992 3 hr 21 min. View in iTunes. Available on HBO Max. Filmmaker Spike Lee, star Denzel Washington (the New York, Boston and Chicago Film Critics' choice as 1992's Best Actor) and other talents vividly portray the life and times of the visionary leader. One of the decade's best and most important films Malcolm X. Quotes. Malcolm X: You Are Not An American, You Are The Victim Of America! Malcolm X: You are not an American, you are the victim of America! Malcolm X: I Will Not Touch The White Man's.

Malcolm X - film 1992 - Beyazperde

The investigation into Malcolm X's death could be reopened after new information was detailed in a Netflix series. Following the release of the six-part documentary Who Killed Malcolm X. Malcolm X (film) Idi na navigaciju Idi na pretragu. Ovo je članak o filmu iz 1992. godine. Za film iz 1972. godine, v. Malcolm X (1972 film). Za soundtrack, v. Malcolm X (soundtrack). Malcolm X; Omot DVD-a izdanja sa Denzelom Washingtonom kao Malcolmom X: Režija: Spike Lee: Producent: Spike Lee Marvin Worth.

Denzel Washington's performance is a tour de force! Rent $3.99. Buy $14.99. View in iTunes. Filmmaker Spike Lee, star Denzel Washington (the New York, Boston and Chicago Film Critics' choice as 1992's Best Actor) and other talents vividly portray the life and times of the visionary leader. One of the decade's best and most important films

Malcolm X. 581,679 likes · 341 talking about this. The official Facebook page for Malcolm X Based on The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Spike Lee's chronicle of the rise and fall of the outspoken -- and still-controversial -- civil rights leader isn't the angry film one might expect. Perhaps MALCOLM X's greatest achievement is the fair-mindedness with which it treats its subject Malcolm X is the first film about an African American to be given a blockbuster budget by a Hollywood studio. That the film was made at all, much less as an epic, is primarily due to writer/director Spike Lee's history of producing controversial films that make money Malcolm X Movie Analysis. 700 Words3 Pages. The film Malcolm X was released in 1992. In the movie, Malcolm X is portrayed by Denzel Washington. It is a biographical drama that depicts the life and legacy of African American civil rights leader, Malcolm X. One theme that I found to be very evident throughout this film is evolution Malcolm X 1992 Full Movie™. In original movie, he will take us to the most extraordinary location of all inside the mind. When Box Office movies with the same theme, produces imaginative and fantasy films. Movie is successfully increases the row of film movie is the character of the classic story, which was filmed for the first time

In 1954, Malcolm X became leader of a Nation of Islam temple in New York. He became well known for his political views and regularly appeared on TV and in newspapers. He became famous around the world. In 1964, Malcolm X made his pilgrimage to Mecca, where he realized all races were the same. Malcolm X was assassinated while making a speech in. b. May 19 1925 d. Feb 21 1965. Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans.

Malcolm X - Film (1992) - MYmovies

Malcolm X es una película dirigida por Spike Lee con Denzel Washington, Angela Bassett, Albert Hall, Al Freeman Jr.. Año: 1992. Título original: Malcolm X. Sinopsis: Malcolm Little (1925-1965) nació en Omaha (Nebraska). Su padre, ministro baptista, murió siendo él niño, y su madre acabó en un psiquiátrico cuando el Ku Klux Klan incendió su casa On Louise Little, the Mother of Malcolm X: An Interview with Erik S. McDuffie. In today's post, Keisha N. Blain, Senior Editor of Black Perspectives, interviews Erik S. McDuffie about his recent article in the special journal issue she edited on Women, Gender Politics, and Pan-Africanism with Asia Leeds and Ula Y. Taylor This month marks the 56th anniversary of Malcolm X's death which means it's time to rewatch Spike Lee's seminal 1992 film Malcolm X because it features one of the greatest car scenes in. The engine driving most of the current interest is the new film Malcolm X. It was No. 3 at the box office last weekend, its first in release, taking in more than $14 million. The numbers have.

Malcolm X (1992) - Rotten Tomatoes - Movie Trailer

  1. It helped that Malcolm X contains one of the greatest screen performances of the '90s. As Brother Malcolm, Denzel Washington conveys the oratorical fire that swayed millions, capturing the.
  2. ent figure during the Civil Rights era. Offering an alternative view to the mainstream Civil Rights movement, Malcolm X advocated for both the establishment of a separate Black community (rather than integration) and the use of violence in self-defense (rather than non-violence)
  3. g, if Malcolm X is on Netflix, and get news and updates, on Decider. The film marks Oscar winner Regina King's directorial debut
  4. Visit Tunefind for music from your favorite TV shows and movies. Find all 39 songs in Malcolm X Soundtrack, with scene descriptions. Listen to trailer music, OST, original score, and the full list of popular songs in the film. Songs and music featured in Malcolm X Soundtrack. Sort. Order. Name. Artist. Opening Credits. Terence Blanchard
  5. Any worries that Spike Lee—handed big-studio dollars and the staid biopic genre—would soften his style for Malcom X were mollified with one of the movie's opening images: an American flag burning in on itself until it forms the shape of an X. Combine that visual audacity with Denzel Washington's deeply humane portrait of Malcolm Little—con man turned con turned Nation of Islam.
  6. Director Spike Lee's searing biopic of African-American activist Malcolm X was crowned by an astonishing lead performance by Denzel Washington.. Speaking at Dubai's On.DXB festival in 2019, Lee recalled how he and Washington worked hard to ensure the film's authenticity and accuracy. This included gaining rare access to shoot scenes in Makkah, and Washington studied the Quran in depth
  7. HD selected. Rent $3.99. Buy $14.99. Once you select Rent you'll have 14 days to start watching the movie and 24 hours to finish it. Can't play on this device. Check system requirements. Malcolm X (1992) Overview System Requirements Related. Rent $3.99

Download Malcolm X Full Length Movie - Download Movies Top 10

On Malcolm X's Birthday, New Film Reimagines Iconic Leader In Modern Times. 15 Little Known Facts About Malcolm X's Life, From Birth To Death. 11 Malcolm X Quotes That Are Eerily Relevant Today Denzel Washington's performance is a tour de force! Rent $4.99. Buy $12.99. View in iTunes. Filmmaker Spike Lee, star Denzel Washington (the New York, Boston and Chicago Film Critics' choice as 1992's Best Actor) and other talents vividly portray the life and times of the visionary leader. One of the decade's best and most important films MALCOLM X MOVIE TRANSCRIPT. Text reads: The Mysteries of Life with Tim and Moby. A boy, Tim, and a robot, Moby, are walking through their school hallway. Moby stops at a bulletin board showing portraits of Nelson Mandela, Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X. Moby pulls a letter off the bulletin board and hands it to Tim. MOBY. Movie Details & Credits. Summary: Often misunderstood, Malcolm X was one of the leading forces of the United States' Civil Rights Movement. He inspired many--and frightened many--but is destined to be remembered as one of the greatest men of his era. This riveting biography directed by Spike Lee and starring Denzel Washington in an Academy. Malcolm X. 581,911 likes · 512 talking about this. The official Facebook page for Malcolm X

Malcolm X (Film) - Wikipedi

هذه الصفحة صفحة نقاش مخصصة للتحاور بخصوص Malcolm X (film); إذا كان لديك سؤال محدد عن موضوع الصفحة وليس عن الصفحة نفسها، توجه إلى ويكيبيديا أسئلة عامة.; إذا كنت تريد مناقشة شيء عن ويكيبيديا نفسها بشكل عام وليس هذه الصفحة، توجه. And Malcolm X hectors his friends, especially Cooke, about not using their celebrity enough to help the cause. In real life, Cooke died just 10 months after the events in the film (in a mysterious shooting in a Los Angeles motel), and Malcolm X was murdered the next spring, which adds an air of gravitas to the film, a sense of something. Malcolm X was killed in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom on February 21st, 1965, by gunmen who opened fire during a speaking engagement. Three men - Muhammad Aziz, Mujahid Abdul Halim and Khalil Islam - were convicted of killing the civil rights leader and sentenced to life in prison. Aziz & Islam had long denied they were connected to any. Ahead, Ben-Adir delves into how he worked with director King to introduce a more vulnerable side of Malcolm X, the importance of showcasing Black male camaraderie on film, and what One Night in.

The timeline below shows where the character Laura appears in The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance. Chapter 4: Laura. A girl named Laura lives near the drugstore and comes in regularly to have a banana split. After seeing.. But the film was criticised by bell hooks for its erasure of Malcolm X's complex relations with the black female activists in his life who served as his teachers and collaborators Opisy filmu Malcolm X (1992) - Malcolm X był jedną z najbardziej kontrowersyjnych postaci Ameryki lat 60. Rywalizował z Martinem Lutherem Kingiem o rząd dusz czarnoskórych Amerykanów... Filmmaker Spike Lee, star Denzel Washington (the New York, Boston and Chicago Film Critics' choice as 1992's Best Actor) and other talents vividly portray the life and times of the visionary leader. One of the decade's best and most important films. (Arch Campbell, WRC-TV/Washington D.C.) One of the most charismatic and politically controversial voices in history, Malcolm X burst into the.

Malcolm X God Is Black Netflix - YouTub

  1. Malcolm X (1972) - IMD
  2. Malcolm X (1992) - Filmer - Film
  3. Malcolm X (1992) - Filmwe
  4. Malcolm X (1992) - Full Cast & Crew - IMD
  5. The 8 Best Documentaries & Movies About Malcolm X, Ranked
New Malcolm X Documentary Film Delivers – The CharlestonSoul Plane (3/12) Movie CLIP - Terminal Malcolm X (2004[WATCH] ‘One Night In Miami’: Malcolm X, Cassius Clay, SamDa 5 Bloods Kritik - Ein wichtiger Film zur richtigen ZeitRegina King's 'One Night in Miami' is ImmaculateHow to Train Your Dragon The Hidden World Wallpapers | HDNigel Thatch - Biography - IMDb
  • برنامج تحديد موقع شخص على الفيس بوك.
  • كلارك 100.
  • طريقة تصوير الصور الشخصية بالايفون.
  • My Chalhoub.
  • شجرة أريكا.
  • وظائف مهندس برمجيات في الإمارات.
  • طريقة رسم قلب الحب بالصور.
  • طريقة عمل الأرز المطحون للاطفال الرضع.
  • أم ستوته.
  • Trier, Germany.
  • بيسيات عن قوس قزح.
  • درجة حرارة الخفاش.
  • جهاز بخار الوجه من الصيدلية.
  • كم عدد المحركات في الطائرة البوينج 747.
  • الألوان التي تناسب اللون الأسود في الملابس للرجال.
  • جدول محاضرات كلية الآداب جامعة عين شمس 2020.
  • تاريخ تطبيق قانون الخدمة المدنية.
  • فيكي سالي.
  • الثلاثة الذي تشتاق إليهم الجنة.
  • كتب عن صراع الأجيال PDF.
  • ديكورات غرف نوم بنات كبار 2020.
  • ناقل خدمة العملاء.
  • فندق البستان دبي رقم الهاتف.
  • أفضل أنواع الجوارب الطبية.
  • انسداد البطين الأيمن.
  • قبائل أبو ضباع.
  • الدوري الإسباني 2018 19.
  • أرضيات خشب للحدائق.
  • كيف يشفع الطفل المتوفى لسبعين فرد من أهله.
  • مقارنة بين أيفون 6 وايفون SE.
  • سعر فيتامين د 50000 في مصر.
  • رئيس الجمهورية في ظل دستور 2014.
  • اسم اسامة بالفرنسية مزخرف.
  • أشكال الأظافر وطريقة بردها.
  • منتديات الدار البيضاء.
  • تمارين عضلة PC لعلاج سرعة القذف.
  • تعلم اللغة الإيطالية للمبتدئين.
  • قرعة كأس أمم أوروبا 2020.
  • مراحل الوثب العالي بالطريقة الظهرية.
  • حكم نزول الإفرازات أثناء الصلاة ابن باز.
  • نازك الملائكة الكوليرا.